St. Petersburg is the second largest city in Russia. It’s a soul of our country. Wonderful creation of Peter the Great and outstanding European and Russian architects. St. Petersburg is the most northern city in the world with population over 1 million people. It is the city of rivers and canals, drawn bridges, white nights, unique cathedrals and churches, world-famous museums, drama theaters, opera and ballet schools, best classical writers and painters. We call it Cultural Capital of Russia.
St.Petersburg, recently celebrated its tercentenary, often called “Northern Capital” of Russia – is not only an open-air museum, but also reflection of the last three hundred years of Russian History. Having been survived 11 Emperors, dozen of floods, the revolution, three years of terrible blockade and economic reform, St. Petersburg is able to surprise even the most experienced and capricious tourists. On 27 May 1703, the day of the Holy Trinity, the fortress “St.Peterburgh” was founded. This day is considered to be the day of foundation of St. Petersburg. Saint-Petersburg was the capital of Russia from 1712 to 1918. Among the largest cities in Europe St.Petersburg is one of the youngest. The houses were built of stone, and the buildings that had been erected before 1917 are almost entirely preserved. There are about 18 thousands old buildings in the city. There is no city in the world where you can see the building of different architectural styles such as Classicism, Eclecticism and Art Nouveau. Since the middle of the 18 century and until now St. Petersburg is the fourth most populated city in Europe. St.Petersburg is named The Object of Cultural Heritage by UNESCO, it is one of the most remarkable cities in the world.
- Interesting facts:
- The highest cathedral of Russia is located in St. Petersburg, inside of the Peter and Paul Fortress
- St. Petersburg is the city of museums and theaters – it has 200 active museums and 80 theaters
- St. Petersburg has one of the deepest metros in the world – on average, the stations are situated 60-70 meters beneath the ground
- St. Petersburg is a capital of trams. The length of the tramway is 600 kilometers, this fact is registered in the Guinness Records Book
- St. Petersburg is the city of bridges, it has 580 bridges within the city line including 20 flap bridges over the River Neva
- St. Petersburg is the city of canals, their length is 217,5 kilometers
- “Koryushka” or smelt is the most popular and traditional fish in St. Petersburg. It’s a seasonal fish that is sold only in spring