Sochi (also spelled Sochy) is a resort city located in Krasnodar krai of Russia on the Black Sea coast of the North Caucasus region with a population of 415,000. Sochi is the largest resort city in Russia. It is often called the Black Sea Pearl. This is the country’s biggest and busiest summer sea resort, attracting more than 4 million visitors annually with its amazing mountainous coastline, endless shingle beaches, warm sunny days, and bustling nightlife.
In June 2006, the International Olympic Committee announced that Sochi had been selected as a finalist city to host the 2014 Winter Olympics and the 2014 Winter Paralympics.
In the 6th-15th centuries, the region was under control of various Christian kingdoms. As a result of Russian-Turkish war of 1828-1829, the Russian Empire received the territory of present Sochi. Sochi was founded in April 21, 1838 as fort Alexandria. The purpose of the fortifications had been suppressing the slave trade and smuggling of weapons sales to mountaineers. In 1839, the fort Alexandria was renamed to Navaginskaya fortress. In 1864, the fortification was rebuilt as fort Dahovsky. Since 1874, it was known as Dahovsky Posad, from 1896 – Sochi (after the name of the river Sochi, on the banks of which the fort was standing). In June 14, 1909, the first resort “The Caucasian Riviera” was opened. It is the date of beginning Sochi as a resort city.
In April 1920, the Soviet power was established. After the Civil War the considerable attention was devoted to the development of the resort industry in Sochi. From 1937, Sochi is the city of Krasnodar krai.
- Interesting facts:
- The summer residence of the President of Russia is in Sochi, so the city informally called “the summer capital of Russia.
- Sochi is known for its sports facilities. For example, tennis schools in the city have trained such athletes as Maria Sharapova and Yevgeny Kafelnikov.